Topic: `APLX Help` : `Help on APL language` : `APL Primitives` : `\ Expand`
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# `\` Expand

When used with a simple numeric scalar or vector operand, the `\` operator performs the function known as Expansion. The context in which the symbol is found should make it apparent which operation is being performed.

## Two-argument form only

Inserts the array prototype. If the left argument consists of 1's and 0's, each 0 causes a space or 0 to be put in the corresponding position in the right argument.

There must be as many 1's in the left argument as there are elements in the right argument.

```             1 1 1 0 1 1 1\'PIGDOG'  (The 1's represent the existing
PIG DOG                        characters in the right argument.
The 0 shows where a space is to go)
TABLE
1 2 3 4  5
6 7 8 9 10
0 1 1 1 1 1 \ TABLE     (Each row is to have a 0 inserted
0  1  2  3  4  5               before the existing numbers. Note
0  6  7  8  9 10               that the last axis is assumed)
```

The expansion function applies by default to the last axis, unless used in conjunction with the axis operator, `[]` (remember this is affected by `⎕IO).` The first axis expansion function, `⍀,` applies by default to the first axis, but otherwise behaves in the same way as the expansion function.

```             1 0 1 \[1] TABLE        (Using the other axis, the
1  2  3  4  5                  same as 1 0 1⍀TABLE)
0  0  0  0  0
6  7  8  9 10
```

If the left argument includes numbers other than 1 or 0, a positive number specifies how many of the corresponding element to insert, and a negative number specifies the number of prototype elements to insert. There must be as many positive numbers in the left argument as there are numbers in the right argument. (See replicate under `/).`

```             1 0 3 ¯2 5\ 3 8 2       (1 copy of first element, then 1 prototype,
3 0 8 8 8 0 0 2 2 2 2 2        3 copies of second element, 2 prototypes
5 copies of third element.
VEC←(2 2⍴⍳4) 3 4 5 6    (Prototype is a simple numeric matrix
1 1 0 1 1 1\VEC          shape 2 2 and is used by expand)
1 2   3   0 0   4 5 6
3 4       0 0
```

Topic: `APLX Help` : `Help on APL language` : `APL Primitives` : `\ Expand`
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